Arkhangelsk is a port city in northwestern Russia with a population of over 354 thousand people. Its history spans more than 430 years. Today it is the administrative, economic, transportation, and cultural centre of the Arkhangelsk Region.
Oulu and Arkhangelsk have been Sister Cities since 1993.
Geography and Climate
Arkhangelsk is located in northwestern Russia, lying at the Northern Dvina River delta, on the White Sea. The city is at latitude 64 degrees north, close to the Arctic Circle. May through July one can experience the midnight sun or the ‘white nights’ in Arkhangelsk. The climate is maritime subarctic with long winters and short summers. The average temperature in January is -13 degrees Celsius, July temperatures average about 17 degrees Celsius.
Regular flights and trains connect Arkhangelsk to Moscow, St. Petersburg and other Russian cities. The City has a federal motorway linking it with Moscow and other major centres along it.
Arkhangelsk was founded in 1584 following the order of Ivan IV, Tsar of Russia. It grew up around the monastery of Archangel Michael, after which it was named. The City was the first sea port of Russia and the only sea gateway to Russia in the 17th century. As a result, Arkhangelsk developed as a centre of overseas trade and commerce. Vessels from London, Hamburg, Amsterdam brought colonial goods, wine, fabrics, spices to Arkhangelsk and exported bread, flax, wax and fur from the City.
In the late 17th century and early 18th century Peter I, Tsar of Russia, visited Arkhangelsk three times, founding the first state shipyard in Russia here and initiating the national merchant fleet organisation. Since that time numerous ships were constructed in the City.
Arkhangelsk has also been the gateway to the Arctic as a great number of polar research expeditions set sail from this port to explore the high latitudes. It was no accident that Arkhangelsk became the base for developing the Northern Sea Route navigation.
During World War II Arkhangelsk was a major port of entry for Allied supplies, brought by the Arctic Convoys. Its port handled over 2 million tonnes of military cargo essential for the frontline troops, thus contributing to the victory over fascism.
Culture and Attractions
Arkhangelsk features several fascinating museums, concert halls, monuments and places worth visiting. Among them is the Merchant Yard Museum (http://gotoarkhangelsk.ru/en/objects/gostinyy-dvor/), Monument to Peter the Great (http://gotoarkhangelsk.ru/en/objects/pamyatnik-petru-i/), St. Catherine’s Lutheran Church (http://gotoarkhangelsk.ru/en/objects/tserkov-lyuteranskaya-sv-ekateriny/), Chumbarov Luchinskiy Street, pedestrian-friendly, (http://gotoarkhangelsk.ru/en/objects/prospekt-chumbarova-luchinskogo/) and others. A dedicated website of the Arkhangelsk City Administration at http://gotoarkhangelsk.ru/en/ provides information about all city sights.
Economy and Education
At present important economy sectors are shipbuilding, fishing, wood processing and construction. Arkhangelsk is also a research and education centre as Northern Arctic Federal University and Northern State Medical University Arkhangelsk create innovative scientific and human resources for intellectual exploration of the Arctic and Russian North.
Sister City Relationship between the Cities of Arkhangelsk and Oulu
Oulu and Arkhangelsk have been Sister Cities since 1993. Over these years a great number of joint events have been implemented, including participation of Arkhangelsk sportsmen in Oulu athletics marathon, experience exchange in tourism, culture, water treatment, water disposal and many others.